It would not be wrong to say that the Organic farming is the Future and the last hope for the humanity. Large scale use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides are dangerous as atomic bomb effect, affecting the whole generation consuming the food produced by use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides.
Blind growth of developing economies becoming a major threat for the society whole. These economies are not able to deal with highly increasing pollution and changing climate.
Uneven growth of the developing economies are a major concern before these countries. Urbanisation and mass migration of people towards some big cities that arise a bunch of problem. At the other end rising population also hitting up the threat line.
All the above scenarios are leaving no option but to use the chemical fertilizer and pesticides on large scale.
Organic farming is a sustainable agricultural system that prioritizes ecological balance and biodiversity while minimizing the use of synthetic inputs such as fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides. It is a farming technique that seeks to work with natural processes rather than against them. The importance of organic farming has been recognized worldwide due to its potential to address food security and climate change issues.
In India, organic farming has been practiced for thousands of years, but it gained momentum in the last few decades. The government of India has been promoting organic farming through various schemes, such as Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, and Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region. Additionally, several private sector companies have started investing in organic farming, which has led to a surge in demand for organic produce.
The future of organic farming in India looks bright, with several factors contributing to its growth. Firstly, the increasing awareness among consumers about the benefits of organic produce has led to a rise in demand. Consumers are becoming more conscious about the quality and safety of the food they consume, and organic farming meets their expectations. Secondly, the government’s support for organic farming has created a favorable policy environment for farmers. The government has introduced several policies to promote organic farming, including financial incentives, training programs, and certification schemes. Thirdly, the growing trend of healthy and sustainable living has led to a rise in demand for organic produce, which is perceived as being healthier and more eco-friendly than conventionally grown produce.
Organic farming has several benefits for farmers as well. It promotes soil health, conserves water, and reduces the dependence on synthetic inputs, which are expensive and often out of reach for small farmers. Organic farming also improves soil fertility, which leads to higher yields and better crop quality. Additionally, organic farming is more labor-intensive, which creates more employment opportunities in rural areas.
However, there are several challenges that organic farming in India faces. The lack of infrastructure and logistics facilities for the distribution of organic produce is a major hurdle. The certification process for organic produce is lengthy and expensive, which discourages many farmers from pursuing organic farming. Moreover, organic farming requires a higher level of technical expertise, which is not always available to small farmers.
To overcome these challenges, the government and private sector must work together to build a robust supply chain for organic produce. The certification process must be simplified and made more affordable for small farmers. Technical expertise and training must be provided to farmers to enable them to adopt organic farming practices effectively.
In conclusion, organic farming has enormous potential in India to promote sustainable agriculture, address food security, and mitigate climate change. The government, private sector, and farmers must work together to realize this potential and create a sustainable agricultural system that benefits all stakeholders. Organic farming in India is a promising sector that can create employment opportunities, promote rural development, and provide healthy and safe food to consumers.